Scientific Name: Chelidonium majus
Common Names: Greater celandine, Tetterwort
Description: Celandine is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Europe and Western Asia, but it has naturalized in various regions. It belongs to the Papaveraceae family, which also includes poppies. The plant grows erect stems with lobed leaves and produces bright yellow flowers with four petals. Celandine contains a yellow-orange latex sap. Despite its name, celandine is not related to the citrus fruit called “celandine.” The plant has a long history of use in traditional medicine for various purposes.
This Materia Medica is provided for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner or herbalist before using any herbal remedies.
- Choleretic: Celandine is considered a choleretic, stimulating the production and flow of bile from the liver.
- Hepatic Support: It has been traditionally used to support liver health and function.
- Antispasmodic: Celandine is believed to have antispasmodic properties, helping to relax smooth muscles.
- Wart Removal: The latex sap of celandine has been applied topically for the removal of warts.
- Mild Analgesic: Celandine has been used for its mild analgesic properties in traditional medicine.
- Alkaloids: Celandine contains various alkaloids, including chelidonine, which is considered a major active compound.
- Flavonoids: Flavonoids with potential antioxidant properties are present in celandine.
- Chelerythrine: Another alkaloid found in celandine, chelerythrine, is associated with its therapeutic effects.
- Resins: Resins contribute to the latex sap of celandine.
- Liver Support: Celandine has been traditionally used to support liver function and address conditions associated with liver congestion.
- Gallbladder Health: As a choleretic, celandine may help stimulate bile production and flow, supporting gallbladder health.
- Digestive Disorders: It is used for various digestive disorders, including indigestion and mild gastrointestinal spasms.
- Wart Removal: The latex sap of celandine has been applied topically to warts for its potential wart-removing effects.
- Skin Conditions: Celandine has been used topically for certain skin conditions, although caution is advised due to potential skin irritation.
Dosage and Preparation:
- Infusion (Tea): Prepare an infusion by steeping 1-2 teaspoons of dried celandine herb in hot water for 10-15 minutes. Drink up to three times a day.
- Tincture: Celandine tinctures are available. Follow product recommendations or herbalist advice for dosage.
- Topical Application: For wart removal, apply the latex sap of celandine to the affected area with caution to avoid skin irritation.
- Powdered Herb Capsules: Capsules containing powdered celandine herb are available. Follow product recommendations for dosage.
Cautions and Considerations:
- Toxicity: Celandine contains toxic alkaloids, and excessive or prolonged use can be harmful. It should be used under professional guidance.
- Skin Irritation: The latex sap of celandine can cause skin irritation, and caution is advised when using it topically.
- Pregnancy and Lactation: Pregnant and lactating individuals should avoid celandine due to its potential toxicity.
- Interaction with Medications: Celandine may interact with certain medications, and individuals taking medications should consult with a healthcare provider before use.
Celandine, with its historical use in traditional medicine, particularly for liver and digestive support, has a complex profile due to its alkaloid content. While it has been traditionally employed for various therapeutic purposes, caution is crucial due to its toxic potential. The application of celandine for wart removal and skin conditions requires careful consideration of potential skin irritation. As with any herbal remedy, seeking guidance from a qualified healthcare practitioner or herbalist is essential for safe and appropriate use. The potential benefits of celandine must be weighed against the associated risks, and its use should be approached with knowledge and caution.