Latin Name: Terminalia arjuna
Common Names: Arjuna, Arjun Tree, White Marudah
Habitat: Native to the Indian subcontinent, Arjuna is found in the plains and hilly regions. It thrives in a variety of soils but is commonly seen along riverbanks.
Plant Part Used: Bark
Harvesting: The bark is harvested from mature trees, usually between 8 to 20 years of age. It is best collected during the spring or early summer.
Disclaimer: This Materia Medica is provided for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare practitioner or herbalist before using any herbal remedies.
Description: Arjuna is a large deciduous tree with a buttressed trunk and smooth, grey bark. The leaves are oblong and clustered at the ends of branches. The flowers are yellowish-white and appear in dense terminal cymes. The fruit is a woody capsule containing seeds.
- Cardiotonic: Arjuna bark is renowned for its positive effects on the cardiovascular system. It is considered a cardiotonic herb, supporting the overall health and function of the heart.
- Hypotensive: Known for its ability to lower blood pressure, Arjuna is often used as a natural remedy for hypertension.
- Anti-Arthritic: The bark possesses anti-inflammatory properties that make it beneficial in managing arthritic conditions.
- Astringent: Arjuna is recognized for its astringent properties, contributing to its traditional use in managing bleeding disorders.
- Diuretic: It exhibits diuretic effects, promoting the elimination of excess fluids from the body.
- Triterpenoid Saponins: Arjunic acid, arjunolic acid.
- Flavonoids: Arjunone, luteolin, quercetin.
- Phytosterols: β-sitosterol.
- Minerals: Calcium, magnesium.
- Cardiovascular Health: Arjuna has been traditionally used to support heart health, strengthen cardiac muscles, and regulate blood pressure.
- Cholesterol Management: It is employed to manage cholesterol levels, contributing to a healthier lipid profile.
- Arthritis and Joint Health: The anti-inflammatory properties of Arjuna make it valuable in managing arthritis and promoting joint health.
- Bleeding Disorders: Due to its astringent nature, Arjuna is used to address bleeding disorders such as nosebleeds and heavy menstrual bleeding.
- Kidney Disorders: Its diuretic effects are harnessed in traditional medicine for managing kidney disorders and promoting renal health.
Dosage and Preparation:
- Decoction: Prepare a decoction by boiling 1-2 teaspoons of powdered Arjuna bark in water for 10-15 minutes. Strain and consume.
- Tincture: A tincture can be prepared using the bark and alcohol. Consult a herbalist for appropriate dosage.
- Capsules: Commercially available capsules often contain standardized Arjuna extract. Follow the recommended dosage on the product label.
Cautions and Considerations:
- Pregnancy and Lactation: Pregnant and lactating women should avoid Arjuna unless prescribed and monitored by a healthcare professional.
- Blood Pressure Medications: Consult with a healthcare provider before using Arjuna if you are already taking medications for blood pressure or cardiac conditions.
- Allergies: Individuals with known allergies to plants in the Combretaceae family should exercise caution.
Arjuna bark, with its rich traditional uses and therapeutic actions, stands as a valuable botanical in herbal medicine. However, it is essential to approach its use with caution, especially when addressing cardiovascular conditions. Always seek guidance from a qualified healthcare practitioner or herbalist to ensure safe and effective integration into your health regimen.